Blackwashing versus whitewashing, just what does this mean? At the heart of this topic is the importance of visual representation in media. From the smallest television show, to the biggest upcoming blockbuster movie, through video games, and textbooks, everyone wants to be represented. I have found that when I am engaged in any of these forms of media that I will attach myself to the first ethnic character I see, only to discover that these attachments are menial compared to the variety of characters that actually exist.
The #RepresentationMatters report by The National Research Group states that two out of three Black Americans say that they don’t see themselves represented in the various forms of media. Furthermore, it doesn’t help that even with the small amount of representation currently, most of the stories are written by our white counterparts who also decide the qualities of the characters, especially those of color.
So what just is whitewashing and blackwashing? Well, whitewashing is the act of replacing an originally character of color, or of a minority group, with a white character/person/actor. It’s been done many times in movies and television shows. Blackwashing, or racebending, is the act of taking an originally white character and making them black, or a person of color. There has been a lot of backlash with both whitewashing, and blackwashing, some arguments saying that one is better than the other and some saying they are both the same.
Even for me, when playing a video game or watching a show, if a person that looks like me comes on screen, I’m beyond excited. That will be my favorite character hands down for the entirety of the show.
Seeing a character that looks like me in a show or video game that’s not a negative stereotype, and that’s not stricken with tragedy is a blessing, honestly.
I interviewed, Dee, a Visual Arts Major of South-Asian descent at Dekalb School of the Arts on the topics. I asked their opinions on people of color, and the representation they have in media, to which they said, “There isn’t nearly enough of it. Representing people of color beyond the stereotypes attached to us is extremely important. Not just people of color, but other minorities like queer people, neurodivergent people, and disabled people all deserve positive representations.
“I feel like often times, when there is good POC representation happening, it can never just be them chilling. I feel like some sort of tragedy must happen, like in movies like ‘The Hate U Give,’ and ‘12 Years a Slave.’”
Dee says, “In general, I don’t think the representation we have now is the best it could be, especially when we talk about the serious lack of dark skin women, ESPECIALLY Black women in shows and movies.”
Many people on the internet and beyond say that Blackwashing is just as bad as whitewashing; that people shouldn’t do it. Some people will get backlash for drawing anime characters as melanated/ethnic people, saying that it’s taking away Asian representation.
Isaiah, 13, says, “When I was around the age of ten I drew the character ‘IDarwin’ from ‘The Amazing World of Gumball.’ Darwin in the show is a fish and I had drawn him as a human with brown skin. One kid came up to me and said that my drawing looked wrong. I asked why and he had drawn Darwin as well and told me that this is how you draw him.
Isaiah continues, “He holds up a drawing of Darwin also as a human but with white skin instead of black skin. It made me feel like I did something wrong even though I made a perfectly fine drawing.”
I understand this, and even once I did draw an anime character I like with an ethnic appearance. My parents are always telling me, since I mainly draw anime fan art, that I should draw more people that look like me. So, I went on Pinterest, and my eyes were opened to a bunch of art of my favorite characters, many of which I grew up loving, with appearances that looked like me. So, do I find the race-bending of anime characters, or characters in general appropriate? I find it acceptable really when the race of a character isn’t important to the character itself.
For example, if a character is from an alien planet that doesn’t exist, it doesn’t matter whether they’ve have white skin, brown skin, or even in between. If that character were to be played by an actor of color, there would be nothing wrong with it.
An good example of people being upset over a previously white character, is the backlash over Halle Bailey playing Ariel in an upcoming revamp “The Little Mermaid.”
People said that her playing Ariel wasn’t the same Ariel as many people had grew up with; that Ariel was supposed to be white.
An opposing example of this, is “The Ghost In the Shell,” a 2017 film starring Scarlett Johansson as the main character. The film takes place in Futuristic Japan, and the main character, Major, was originally Japanese. However, she is played by by a white actress.
“I think its unfair,” Dee when I asked her about the movie, and Johansson’s role. “There are hundreds of actors who are more than qualified for the role and I think its lazy. As a South asian girl, seeing an actor on screen that’s like you feels really great.”
She later adds, “To find a character in a book or comic that looks like you is special, and when I find that this character has been adapted to be white in a live action project its sorely disappointing.”
Whitewashing is a problem that has been in Hollywood and media for the longest time. It’s an issue that needs to certainly be reformed. People race-bend characters because they want to see characters that look like them. And the problem with whitewashing is that it takes away representation from people who don’t see themselves on the screens, in videos, in books and comics.
“Just care. Really that’s all it takes, there are so many POC in the entertainment industry and not just actors, but writers, makeup artist, hair dressers, cinematographers, you name it,” says Dee. “You really just have to care enough to look for them instead of just going for the nearest white person.”
Negative stereotypes can be broken down by the people who hold the pen in their hands. They just have to take the time to ask someone or do their research before writing something. All negative stereotypes do damage. If you’re not of the ethnicity, and you’re writing a character that’s not your ethnicity, you should ask someone about what it’s like, and their culture. It’s better than just being ignorant and possibly writing a negative stereotype.
Many shows and movies have a lack in representation for all kinds of people—Melanated people, people with disabilities, people of different shapes and sizes. There can only be hope for future creators to create more opportunities for minorities.
Alexis Reid, 15, is a reporter for VOX Media Cafe 2021